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Revitalizing Endangered Languages

Edited by Justyna Olko & Julia Sallabank

Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."


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Academic Paper


Title: Effects of Accent Familiarity on Attention to One of Two Simultaneous Talkers
Author: Ian Cushing
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: Surbiton High School
Linguistic Field: Phonetics
Subject Language: English
French
Abstract: It has previously been shown that pitch and amplitude differences between simultaneous signals can be used to aid channel segregation. Presented here are two experiments using the Coordinated Response Measure (CRM) corpus to investigate the effect of familiarity with a speakers' accent on channel segregation in dichotic conditions, and which acoustic features play a role. /L//L/Experiment 1 uses recordings of English and French speakers to investigate multi-talker segregation. It was found that when an English talker is in 'target' position (the sentence to be attended to), English listeners performed better than when a French talker is in this position. Based on these findings and that English and French have different rhythms, Experiment 2 uses amplitude and pitch-flattened CRM sentences with manipulated timing patterns -/L/natural English and perfectly isochronous 'French', in a single-talker segregation task. Again, English listeners performed much better when their native timing patterns were in target position and found it difficult to attend to the isochronous ones. /L//L/As well as suggesting that rhythm plays a functional as well as descriptive role in language classification, the findings have important ramifications towards building a more complete model of 'speaker-space'. If current research within the speech and hearing sciences questions just which voice dimensions should be included in such a model, the findings of the present experiment suggest that rhythm should almost always be considered.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
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