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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


Academic Paper


Title: Language PolIcy and the Speakers' Needs: What Is the RelatIonshIp between RelIgIon, Myth and LInguIstIc Culture?
Paper URL: http://www.sosyalarastirmalar.com/sosyalarastirmalar_english/index_eng.htm
Author: Iman Tohidian
Email: click here to access email
Institution: University of Kashan
Author: Ezatollah Tohidian
Email: click here to access email
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics; Cognitive Science; Language Acquisition; Linguistic Theories; Psycholinguistics
Abstract: One of the most basic issues where language and religion intersect is the existence, in many cultures, of sacred texts, sometimes composed in hieratic languages that are used for religious purposes only. [1] For cultures where certain texts are so revered, there is often almost an identity of language and religion, such that the language of the texts also becomes sacred, and must be controlled, kept pure, kept out of the wrong hands (or wrong ears), and may even become the monopoly and source of livelihood for a hereditary priesthood. In this paper we are going to conclude that in linguistic cultures with ancient religious traditions, especially textual traditions, there are often ideas about language and its origin, its purpose, and its sanctity embodied in the religious tradition. And just as these textual traditions often consist of accretions of earlier and later material, and just as different portions of the text may contradict each other, we may find that language policies themselves consist of many parts, some explicit and overt, some implicit and covert. Often the overt policy is a later attempt to make sense of earlier cultural rule-making about language, but we would hold that it never succeeds in superseding the underlying ideas about language.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Venue: ISSN: 1307 -9581
Publication Info: VOLUME 3 ISSUE 10 WINTER 2010
URL: http://www.sosyalarastirmalar.com/sosyalarastirmalar_english/index_eng.htm


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