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Academic Paper


Title: A Radiographic Analysis of Constriction Locations for Vowels
Author: Sidney Wood
Email: click here TO access email
Homepage: http://swphonetics.com
Institution: Lund University
Linguistic Field: Phonetics; Phonology
Subject Language: Arabic, Standard
English
Abstract: Vocal tract area functions estimated from 38 sets of X-rayed vowel articulations collected from the literature and from new X-ray motion films of English and Arabic speech reveal four constriction locations: along the hard palate, along the soft palate, in the upper pharynx and in the lower larynx. Each location is appropriate for a definable class of vowel qualities, confirming the quantal nature of at least this aspect of vowel articulation. The acoustical, physiological and phonological implications are discussed. In a given phonotactic environment the precision of the constricting tongue manoeuvre was good. The only truly language specific difference was a preference for either the midpalatal or prepalatal location for palatal constrictions. The tongue muscles are found to be admirably situated for creating constrictions at the four locations.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Journal of Phonetics 7: 25-43
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