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Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."

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Academic Paper

Title: Degema Subject Markers: Are they prefixes or proclitics?
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Author: Ethelbert Emmanuel Kari
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Institution: University of Port Harcourt
Linguistic Field: Syntax
Subject Language: Degema
Abstract: What used to be considered subject prefixes attached to verbs in Degema are reanalyzed as subject clitics. This reanalysis is based on the fact that the so-called prefixes attach to more than one grammatical category. From the comments of some reviewers, it seems that not everyone is convinced by the later analysis. In this paper, fresh evidence is presented in support of the claim that the so-called prefixes are indeed subject clitics. This fresh evidence comes from the deletion and optionality of the so-called subject prefixes. Whereas noun class prefixes, for instance, attach to nouns only and constitute an obligatory part of the morphology of nouns, the so-called subject prefixes, like independent words, are observed to undergo deletion or are optionally present in certain constructions. This behaviour suggests that the so-called subject prefixes do not constitute an obligatory part of Degema verb morphology, even though they are bound and so require the presence of a host to attach themselves to. For the fact that the so-called subject prefixes can be deleted or that they are optional suggests that they are (subject) clitics rather than (subject) prefixes, in spite of their bound nature.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Journal of West African Language, Volunme 32, Numbers 1-2, 2005
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