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Revitalizing Endangered Languages

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Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."


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Academic Paper


Title: The automatic identification of lexical variation between language varieties
Author: Yves Peirsman
Institution: Université Catholique de Louvain
Author: Dirk Geeraerts
Institution: Université Catholique de Louvain
Author: Dirk Speelman
Institution: Université Catholique de Louvain
Linguistic Field: Lexicography; Semantics; Text/Corpus Linguistics
Subject Language: Dutch
Abstract: Languages are not uniform. Speakers of different language varieties use certain words differently – more or less frequently, or with different meanings. We argue that distributional semantics is the ideal framework for the investigation of such lexical variation. We address two research questions and present our analysis of the lexical variation between Belgian Dutch and Netherlandic Dutch. The first question involves a classic application of distributional models: the automatic retrieval of synonyms. We use corpora of two different language varieties to identify the Netherlandic Dutch synonyms for a set of typically Belgian words. Second, we address the problem of automatically identifying words that are typical of a given lect, either because of their high frequency or because of their divergent meaning. Overall, we show that distributional models are able to identify more lectal markers than traditional keyword methods. Distributional models also have a bias towards a different type of variation. In summary, our results demonstrate how distributional semantics can help research in variational linguistics, with possible future applications in lexicography or terminology extraction.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Natural Language Engineering Vol. 16, Issue 4.

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