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Revitalizing Endangered Languages

Edited by Justyna Olko & Julia Sallabank

Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."


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Academic Paper


Title: Another Frisianism in Coastal Dutch: Traam, Treem, Triem ‘Crossbeam’
Author: Michiel de Vaan
Institution: Leiden University Centre for Linguistics
Linguistic Field: Historical Linguistics
Subject Language: English
Dutch
Frisian, Eastern
Frisian, Northern
Mainfränkisch
Plautdietsch
Frisian, Western
Abstract: The dialect geography and etymology of Dutch, Frisian, and German trVm(e) ‘crossbeam’ suggest that western Dutch triem continues West Germanic ‑ǣ-, which underwent vowel raising to /i./ as in Frisian. Thus, Dutch traam beside triem belongs to an established group of Standard Dutch words showing /a./ next to /i./ from West Germanic ǣ-, such as schraal vs. schriel. It is argued that the survival of words in /i./ in the coastal dialects of Dutch fits into recent theories that Standard Dutch is the result of language contact between medieval Frisian and Franconian.

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This article appears IN Journal of Germanic Linguistics Vol. 22, Issue 4.

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