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Words in Time and Place: Exploring Language Through the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary

By David Crystal

Offers a unique view of the English language and its development, and includes witty commentary and anecdotes along the way.


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Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases

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Ampersand: An International Journal of General and Applied Linguistics

Edited By R. Cann, H. Pichler, K. Van De Poel, D. van Olmen, and K. Watson


Academic Paper


Title: Attitudinal and sociostructural factors and their role in dialect change: Testing a model of subjective factors
Author: Louise Kammacher
Institution: University of Copenhagen
Author: Andreas Stöhr
Institution: University of Copenhagen
Author: J. Normann Jørgensen
Email: click here to access email
Institution: University of Copenhagen
Linguistic Field: Phonology; Sociolinguistics
Subject Language: Danish
Abstract: The causation of language change is a problem with a high profile in sociolinguistics. This paper presents two contrasting models of language change: one that is based on sociopsychological factors (Kristiansen & Jørgensen, 2005) and one that rejects them (the Napoleon Principle, Brink & Lund, 1979). In a longitudinal study of individuals' changing pronunciation of the Danish -diphthong over 20 years, we test predictions following from the sociopsychologically oriented model. By the mid-1980s, female speakers used more aj-pronunciations that are associated with high socioeconomic status than did male speakers. However, in guise tests, females revealed a more positive attitude toward speech associated with low socioeconomic status. Our prediction that female speakers would change their speech patterns to include more aj-pronunciations associated with low socioeconomic status is supported by an analysis of the same female speakers' pronunciations as recorded in the mid-2000s.

CUP at LINGUIST

This article appears in Language Variation and Change Vol. 23, Issue 1, which you can read on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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