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Academic Paper


Title: Deeper than shallow: Evidence for structure-based parsing biases in second-language sentence processing
Author: Jeffrey Witzel
Institution: University of Arizona
Author: Naoko Witzel
Institution: University of Arizona
Author: Janet Nicol
Institution: University of Arizona
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics; Language Acquisition; Psycholinguistics
Subject Language: Chinese, Mandarin
English
Abstract: This study examines the reading patterns of native speakers (NSs) and high-level (Chinese) nonnative speakers (NNSs) on three English sentence types involving temporarily ambiguous structural configurations. The reading patterns on each sentence type indicate that both NSs and NNSs were biased toward specific structural interpretations. These results are interpreted as evidence that both first-language and second-language (L2) sentence comprehension is guided (at least in part) by structure-based parsing strategies and, thus as counterevidence to the claim that NNSs are largely limited to rudimentary (or “shallow”) syntactic computation during online L2 sentence processing.

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This article appears IN Applied Psycholinguistics Vol. 33, Issue 2, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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