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May I Quote You on That?

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A guide to English grammar and usage for the twenty-first century, pairing grammar rules with interesting and humorous quotations from American popular culture.

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Academic Paper

Title: Early vocabulary and gestures in Estonian children
Author: Astra Schults
Institution: University of Tartu
Author: Tiia Tulviste
Institution: University of Tartu
Author: Kenn Konstabel
Institution: University of Tartu
Linguistic Field: Language Acquisition
Subject Language: Estonian
Abstract: Parents of 592 children between the age of 0 ; 8 and 1 ; 4 completed the Estonian adaptation of the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory (ECDI Infant Form). The relationships between comprehension and production of different categories of words and gestures were examined. According to the results of regression modelling the production of object gestures and gestural routines was positively correlated with the use of all the word categories. Comprehension of common nouns was positively correlated to the production of common nouns and predicates, whereas the comprehension of predicates was negatively correlated to the production of common nouns and social terms. The older the children were the more they produced words from each category. Girls were reported to produce more social terms. First-born children had an advantage over later-born children in the production of common nouns. Maternal educational level was associated with the production of common nouns and predicates.


This article appears IN Journal of Child Language Vol. 39, Issue 3, which you can READ on Cambridge's site .

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