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A History of the Irish Language: From the Norman Invasion to Independence

By Aidan Doyle

This book "sets the history of the Irish language in its political and cultural context" and "makes available for the first time material that has previously been inaccessible to non-Irish speakers."


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The Cambridge Handbook of Pragmatics

Edited By Keith Allan and Kasia M. Jaszczolt

This book "fills the unquestionable need for a comprehensive and up-to-date handbook on the fast-developing field of pragmatics" and "includes contributions from many of the principal figures in a wide variety of fields of pragmatic research as well as some up-and-coming pragmatists."


Academic Paper


Title: A SMS normalization system integrating multiple grammatical resources
Author: J Oliva
Institution: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas
Author: J. I. Serrano
Institution: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas
Author: M. D. Del Castillo
Institution: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas
Author: Á. Igesias
Institution: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas
Linguistic Field: Computational Linguistics; Text/Corpus Linguistics
Subject Language: Spanish
Abstract: SMS language presents special phenomena and important deviations from natural language. Every day, an impressive amount of chat messages, SMS messages, and e-mails are sent all over the world. This widespread use makes important the development of systems that normalize SMS language into natural language. However, typical machine translation approaches are difficult to adapt to SMS language because of many irregularities that are shown by this kind of language. This paper presents a new approach for SMS normalization that combines lexical and phonological translation techniques with disambiguation algorithms at two different levels: lexical and semantic. The method proposed does not depend on big annotated corpus, which is difficult to build and is applied in two different domains showing its easiness of adaptation across different languages and domains. The results obtained by the system outperform some of the existing methods of SMS normalization despite the fact that the Spanish language and the corpus created have some features that complicate the normalization task.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Natural Language Engineering Vol. 19, Issue 1, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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