Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Publisher Login

New from Cambridge University Press!

ad

Revitalizing Endangered Languages

Edited by Justyna Olko & Julia Sallabank

Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."


We Have a New Site!

With the help of your donations we have been making good progress on designing and launching our new website! Check it out at https://linguistlist.org/!
***We are still in our beta stages for the new site--if you have any feedback, be sure to let us know at webdevlinguistlist.org***

Academic Paper


Title: Phrasal Disjunction in Russian and Danish
Paper URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00806765.2012.740245
Author: Elena Lorentzen
Email: click here TO access email
Homepage: http://tors.ku.dk/ansatte/beskrivelse/?id=51751
Institution: University of Copenhagen
Linguistic Field: Cognitive Science; Discipline of Linguistics; Pragmatics; Syntax; Typology
Subject Language: Danish
Russian
Abstract: It is widely assumed that “And-But-Or” languages exploit a universal strategy for connecting phrasal coordinands due to the fact that coordination is considered basic and universal to human mind and that the coordinators And and Or are equivalent to logical connectives. However, a contrastive study of Russian and Danish reveals significant differences between the two languages in choice of type of phrasal coordination in utterances used to describe one and the same type of situation. It appears that disjunction in Danish corresponds consistently to conjunction as well as disjunction in Russian, which cannot be accounted for by existing global formal semantic and pragmatic theories. In this paper I propose a new approach to phrasal coordination in general and disjunction in particular based on Durst-Andersen’s cognitive-semiotic theory of linguistic supertypes, according to which Russian is a reality-oriented language with a third-person-oriented speaker and Danish is a hearer-oriented language with a second-person-oriented speaker. I claim that the use of disjunction and conjunction in these languages is determined by their essential properties as two different supertypes, viz. by ground-situational nature of linguistic structures in Russian, the grammar of which functions as a model of situations in reality, and by ground-propositional nature of linguistic structures in Danish, the grammar of which functions as a signal to the hearer to find situations behind the speaker’s information.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Scando-Slavica, volume 58, issue 2, 2012, p. 195-230.
URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00806765.2012.740245
Add a new paper
Return to Academic Papers main page
Return to Directory of Linguists main page