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Academic Paper

Title: Articulatory characteristics of fricatives and affricates in Hindi: an electropalatographic study
Author: R. Prakash Dixit
Institution: Louisiana State University
Author: Paul R Hoffman
Institution: Louisiana State University
Linguistic Field: Phonetics; Phonology
Subject Language: Hindi
Abstract: This study investigates articulatory characteristics of -s, z, ∫, t∫, dз- in disyllabic nonsense words of the form [biCib], [buCub] and [baCab], where C represents the consonants listed above. The words were produced in a carrier sentence. Using the technique of electropalatography, quantitative and qualitative data were obtained from a speaker of Hindi. The results showed that the area of tongue-palate contact was significantly greater for the voiced fricative [z] than for the voiceless fricative [s]. In affricates, however, the contact area was significantly greater for the stop part of the voiceless affricate [t∫] than for the stop part of the voiced affricate [dз]. On the other hand, the area of contact for the fricative part of [t∫] and [dз] and the fricative [∫] was about the same. The area of contact for [s] and [z] was also significantly greater than for [∫] and the fricative part of [t∫] and [dз]. The place of articulation for [∫] was significantly more posterior than for [s] and [z]. The place of articulation for the stop and fricative parts of [t∫] and [dз] partly overlapped, but did not coincide. The width of the groove for [∫] and the fricative part of [t∫] and [dз] was significantly greater than for [s] and [z]; however, the length of the groove for these segments was about the same. Numerical and electropalatographic data are presented and discussed in the light of the published numerical, palatographic and-or x-ray data on the fricatives and affricates. Coarticulatory effects of vocalic context on articulatory parameters of the investigated consonants are also discussed.


This article appears IN Journal of the International Phonetic Association Vol. 34, Issue 2.

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