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Academic Paper


Title: Articulatory characteristics of fricatives and affricates in Hindi: an electropalatographic study
Author: R. Prakash Dixit
Institution: Louisiana State University
Author: Paul R Hoffman
Institution: Louisiana State University
Linguistic Field: Phonetics; Phonology
Subject Language: Hindi
Abstract: This study investigates articulatory characteristics of -s, z, ∫, t∫, dз- in disyllabic nonsense words of the form [biCib], [buCub] and [baCab], where C represents the consonants listed above. The words were produced in a carrier sentence. Using the technique of electropalatography, quantitative and qualitative data were obtained from a speaker of Hindi. The results showed that the area of tongue-palate contact was significantly greater for the voiced fricative [z] than for the voiceless fricative [s]. In affricates, however, the contact area was significantly greater for the stop part of the voiceless affricate [t∫] than for the stop part of the voiced affricate [dз]. On the other hand, the area of contact for the fricative part of [t∫] and [dз] and the fricative [∫] was about the same. The area of contact for [s] and [z] was also significantly greater than for [∫] and the fricative part of [t∫] and [dз]. The place of articulation for [∫] was significantly more posterior than for [s] and [z]. The place of articulation for the stop and fricative parts of [t∫] and [dз] partly overlapped, but did not coincide. The width of the groove for [∫] and the fricative part of [t∫] and [dз] was significantly greater than for [s] and [z]; however, the length of the groove for these segments was about the same. Numerical and electropalatographic data are presented and discussed in the light of the published numerical, palatographic and-or x-ray data on the fricatives and affricates. Coarticulatory effects of vocalic context on articulatory parameters of the investigated consonants are also discussed.

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This article appears IN Journal of the International Phonetic Association Vol. 34, Issue 2.

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