Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Publisher Login

New from Cambridge University Press!


Revitalizing Endangered Languages

Edited by Justyna Olko & Julia Sallabank

Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."

We Have a New Site!

With the help of your donations we have been making good progress on designing and launching our new website! Check it out at!
***We are still in our beta stages for the new site--if you have any feedback, be sure to let us know at***

Academic Paper

Title: Evolution with an attitude: the grammaticalisation of epistemic/evidential verbs in Australian English
Author: Celeste Rodriguez Louro
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: University of Western Australia
Author: Thomas Harris
Institution: University of Melbourne
Linguistic Field: Semantics; Syntax; Text/Corpus Linguistics
Subject Language: English
Abstract: Across Englishes, frequently used epistemic/evidential complement-taking predicates (E/E CTPs) have undergone conventionalisation, whereby Subject + E/E Verb constructions are reanalysed as formulaic stance markers. However, the system of E/E CTPs in Australian English (AusE) – and the degree to which they have grammaticalised – remains unexplored. In this article, we offer a quantitative analysis of the most frequent E/E CTPs in the spoken portion of the International Corpus of English – Australia. Multivariate analysis shows that think and guess stand as canonical encoders of speaker attitude, and reckon is multifunctional, encoding epistemic modality and evidentiality. Assuming that (inter-)subjective meaning represents the last stage in semantic change, our results indicate that AusE reckon is less grammaticalised than think and guess.


This article appears IN English Language and Linguistics Vol. 17, Issue 3.

Return to TOC.

Add a new paper
Return to Academic Papers main page
Return to Directory of Linguists main page