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Academic Paper

Title: Remote Origins. The Case of 'Water Towns', of Olbicella, and of root **alb-
Paper URL:
Author: Francesco Perono Cacciafoco
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: Università di Pisa
Linguistic Field: Historical Linguistics; Linguistic Theories; Semantics; Typology
Subject Language: Greek, Ancient
Subject LANGUAGE Family: Indo-European; Romance; Semitic
Abstract: This paper is an intermediate version of the first application of the Convergence Theory to the Indo-European Linguistics (complete version, and outlines a new applied epistemological aspect of the same Convergence Theory, that is aimed at develop a potentially 'homogeneous' vision between the different approaches in the field of the Indo-European Linguistics. This work tries to 'reconstruct' a sort of Italian and European 'macro-area' (or 'micro-area') characterized by places names linked to the word-root *alb-, with a delineation of the 'semantic steps' produced, over the centuries, by the same word-root, following a potential all-embracing approach. /L//L/It seems that Paleo-Ligurian place names of the type Alba, old European river names Albis and the like, as well as their ablauting forms Olb- (> Orb- in Romance Ligurian), do not reflect directly the proto-Indo-European adjective *albho-, 'white'; rather, they all seem to continue a pre-proto-Indo-European extended root *Hal-bh-, 'water', cognate with the Sumerian ḫalbia (> Akkadian ḫalpium, 'spring', 'well', 'water mass', 'water hole'). A further analysis of the same *Hal-bh-, moreover, leads to a comparison with the proto-Indo-European root *Hal-, 'nourish'. The proto-Indo-European suffixed form *HwaH-r-, 'water', then, seems to exhibit a similar diffusion. /L//L/As told above, this work is aimed at the 'reconstruction' of a toponymic 'macro-area' (or 'micro-area', depending on the points of view) related to the word-root *alb- and to the 'semantic steps' linked to the same word-root, with regard, especially, to the Northern Italy (and, secondarily, to the Europe), developing – remaining in the specific case of pre-Latin (pre-Indo-European, proto-Indo-European, and Indo-European) Toponymy – this onomastic aspect of the Convergence Theory in relation to the different approaches of the Indo-European Linguistics (the Indo-European / Glottological, the pre-Indo-European, the pan-Indo-European, the pan-Semitic, the Paleolithic Continuity Paradigm / Paleolithic Continuity Theory / Teoria della Continuità, the Vasconic Substratum Theory, the Glottalic Theory, for example). The Convergence Theory, in fact, is mainly aimed at develop a potentially 'homogeneous' vision between the different above mentioned approaches in the field of the Indo-European Linguistics, without emphasizing any one in particular, but trying to outline an all-embracing reconstruction that takes into account each of the scientific achievements of the other considered Theories. This paper, therefore, is a theoretical work with applied implications both in the ambit of Toponymy / Toponomastics, and in the field of Semantics, with a specific focus on the delineation of an 'ideal map' related to the notion of 'water' and on the identification of 'water places' in the analyzed area. /L//L/Complete Version, /L//L/Italian Version:/L//L/ /L//L/Links:/L//L/1) /L//L/4) /L//L/5)
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: «Annals of the University of Craiova. Series Philology, Linguistics / Analele Universității Din Craiova. Seria Ştiințe Filologice, Linguistică», XXXV 1-2 (2013), pp. 106-123
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