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Revitalizing Endangered Languages

Edited by Justyna Olko & Julia Sallabank

Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."


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Academic Paper


Title: Segmental distributions and consonant-vowel association patterns in Japanese infant- and adult-directed speech
Author: Sho Tsuji
Institution: RIKEN Brain Science Institute
Author: Kenya Nishikawa
Institution: RIKEN Brain Science Institute
Author: Reiko Mazuka
Institution: Duke University
Linguistic Field: Language Acquisition; Phonology
Subject Language: Japanese
Abstract: Japanese infant-directed speech (IDS) and adult-directed speech (ADS) were compared on their segmental distributions and consonant-vowel association patterns. Consistent with findings in other languages, a higher ratio of segments that are generally produced early was found in IDS compared to ADS: more labial consonants and low-central vowels, but fewer fricatives. Consonant-vowel associations also favored the early produced labial-central, coronal-front, coronal-central, and dorsal-back patterns. On the other hand, clear language-specific patterns included a higher frequency of dorsals, affricates, geminates, and moraic nasals in IDS. These segments are frequent in adult Japanese, but not in the early productions or the IDS of other studied languages. In combination with previous results, the current study suggests that both fine-tuning (an increased use of early produced segments) and highlighting (an increased use of language-specifically relevant segments) might modify IDS on the segmental level.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Journal of Child Language Vol. 41, Issue 6.

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