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Revitalizing Endangered Languages

Edited by Justyna Olko & Julia Sallabank

Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."

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Academic Paper

Title: The social motivations of reversal: Raised in New York City English
Author: Kara Becker
Institution: Reed College
Linguistic Field: Historical Linguistics; Phonetics; Sociolinguistics
Subject Language: English
Abstract: This article presents a variationist analysis of the vowel in New York City English (NYCE) and finds that it has reversed the trajectory of change outlined in Labov (1966). An acoustic analysis of production data from sixty-four native residents of the Lower East Side demonstrates that is lowering in apparent time, a change led by young people, white and Jewish speakers, and the middle classes. A second source of data comes from perceptions of raised gathered from a matched guise experiment, which highlights an indexical field (Eckert 2008) of social meanings for raised that comprise a ‘classic New Yorker’ persona: an older, white ethnic New Yorker from the outer boroughs who is mean and aloof. Taken together, the data suggest that 's reversal is motivated by its contemporary social meanings. ( New York City English, dialectology, variationism, sound change, social meaning, perception, sociophonetics)


This article appears IN Language in Society Vol. 43, Issue 4.

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