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Revitalizing Endangered Languages

Edited by Justyna Olko & Julia Sallabank

Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."

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Academic Paper

Title: Taiwanese or Southern Min? On the controversy of ethnolinguistic names in Taiwan
Paper URL:
Author: Wi-vun Taiffalo Chiung
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: National Cheng Kung University
Linguistic Field: Sociolinguistics
Subject Language: Chinese, Min Nan
Subject LANGUAGE Family: Sino-Tibetan
Abstract: ‘Tâi-gí’ the ethnolinguistic name for Taiwanese has been used for more than one hundred years in Taiwan. However, it has not always been politically and officially approved by the government, the Republic of China (ROC) on Taiwan. In contrast, ‘Southern Min’ is officially adopted by the ROC to refer to the language Taiwanese. ‘Min’ is the abbreviation of Hokkien province in China. In addition, it is a pejorative name with the meaning ‘barbarians with snake origin,’ according to Chinese classical dictionaries. In response to ROC’s racial discrimination against Taiwanese-speaking people, around 40 Taiwanese organizations protested against the ROC in July 2009. The purpose of this paper is to survey the controversy over the term ‘Tâi-gí’ from the perspective of sociolinguistics and political science. It is suggested that ‘Southern Min’ be replaced by ‘Taiwanese’ when referring to varieties spoken in Taiwan, and by ‘Lán-lâng-ōe’ when referring to all varieties spoken in China, Taiwan, and Southeast Asian countries.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Journal of Taiwanese Vernacular 7(1), 54-87.
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