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Revitalizing Endangered Languages

Edited by Justyna Olko & Julia Sallabank

Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."

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Academic Paper

Title: Breathy nasals and /Nh/ clusters in Bengali, Hindi, and Marathi
Paper URL:
Author: Christina M. Esposito
Institution: University of California, Los Angeles
Author: Sameer ud Dowla Khan
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: Reed College
Author: Alex Hurst
Linguistic Field: Phonetics
Subject Language: Marathi
Abstract: Previous work on breathiness in Indic languages has focused primarily on the acoustic properties of breathy (also known as aspirated) oral stops in languages like Hindi ([baːl] ‘hair’ vs. [bɦaːl] ‘forehead’) or Bengali ([bati] ‘bowl’ vs. [bɦati] ‘kiln’). However, breathiness in some Indic languages also extends to nasals, as in Marathi ([maːr] ‘beat’ vs. [m̤a̤̤̤ ːr] ‘a caste’). It is not clear if languages such as Hindi and Bengali have breathy nasals in addition to breathy oral stops. This study addresses the following question: in Bengali and Hindi, are /N/ + /h/ sequences single breathy nasals ([N̤]̤̤̤ ), or are they clusters ([Nh])? To answer this question, simultaneous audio, aerodynamic, and electroglottographic recordings were made of Hindi, Bengali, and Marathi speakers. Within- and cross-language comparisons were made, and phonological evidence was examined. While some within-language comparisons gave inconclusive results for Hindi and Bengali, other comparisons with Marathi and within-language phonological evidence pointed to the lack of breathy nasals in Hindi and an uncertain status for breathy nasals in Bengali.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Indian Linguistics 68(3–4), 275–299
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