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Revitalizing Endangered Languages

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Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."

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Academic Paper

Title: The Old English Name of the S-Rune and “Sun” in Germanic
Author: Douglas Simms
Linguistic Field: Historical Linguistics
Subject Language: German, Old High
English, Old
Abstract: The name of the Old English s-rune, sigil, as found in various medieval manuscripts, is puzzling, as it is the only Anglo-Saxon rune name that is etymologically a loan word. This article examines the variant spelling found only in MS Codex Vindobonensis 795, arguing that the spelling with is a scribal interpolation. In addressing how an Old High German-speaking scribe might have come to make such an interpolation it is argued that the word sugil found in Continental runica abecedaria ought to be considered an Old High German lexeme relevant to this discussion. A novel etymology for words for ‘sun’ in Germanic is presented, particularly for forms derived from the l-stem variants of the Proto-Indo-European heteroclite.


This article appears IN Journal of Germanic Linguistics Vol. 29, Issue 1, which you can READ on Cambridge's site .

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