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Revitalizing Endangered Languages

Edited by Justyna Olko & Julia Sallabank

Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."

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Academic Paper

Title: Bilingual deaf readers’ use of semantic and syntactic cues in the processing of English relative clauses
Author: Pilar Piñar
Author: Matthew Carlson
Author: Jill Morford
Author: Paola Dussias
Linguistic Field: Cognitive Science; Semantics; Syntax
Subject Language: English
American Sign Language
Abstract: Eye fixation measures were used to examine English relative clause processing by adult ASL–English bilingual deaf readers. Participants processed subject relative clauses faster than object relative clauses, but expected animacy cues eliminated processing difficulty in object relative clauses. This brings into question previous claims that deaf readers’ sentence processing strategies are qualitatively different from those of hearing English native speakers. Measures of English comprehension predicted reading speed, but not differences in syntactic processing. However, a trend for ASL self-ratings to predict the ability to handle syntactic complexity approached significance. Results suggest a need to explore how objective ASL proficiency measures might provide insights into deaf readers’ ability to exploit syntactic cues in English.


This article appears IN Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Vol. 20, Issue 5, which you can READ on Cambridge's site .

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