Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Publisher Login

New from Cambridge University Press!


Revitalizing Endangered Languages

Edited by Justyna Olko & Julia Sallabank

Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."

We Have a New Site!

With the help of your donations we have been making good progress on designing and launching our new website! Check it out at!
***We are still in our beta stages for the new site--if you have any feedback, be sure to let us know at***

Academic Paper

Title: L’allemand wohl et ses équivalents en français
Paper URL:
Author: Pierre-Yves Modicom
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: Université Michel de Montaigne Bordeaux 3
Linguistic Field: Semantics
Subject Language: German
Abstract: The German marker wohl is generally considered to be an equivalent of French bien. Both forms can be used as adverbials to indicate that an entity exhibits a given quality at a high degree. Yet, as a discourse marker, wohl has both a corroborative meaning in which bien can also be used in French, and a modal epistemic meaning, for which bien is not a possible equivalent. The article proposes a stable operational core meaning for wohl. The comparison with bien shows that wohl implies the accessibility of an alternative p’ to the content of the utterance p, whereby p’ is usually identified as “not p”, which is not the case for bien. This sheds new light on the diverging translations of wohl in French, which are analysed in the last part. While some contexts tend to favour a rendering of wohl with bien, some contexts are shown to demand very heterogeneous strategies of translation.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Langages, vol. 207, p.93-104
Add a new paper
Return to Academic Papers main page
Return to Directory of Linguists main page