Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Publisher Login

New from Cambridge University Press!


Revitalizing Endangered Languages

Edited by Justyna Olko & Julia Sallabank

Revitalizing Endangered Languages "This guidebook provides ideas and strategies, as well as some background, to help with the effective revitalization of endangered languages. It covers a broad scope of themes including effective planning, benefits, wellbeing, economic aspects, attitudes and ideologies."

We Have a New Site!

With the help of your donations we have been making good progress on designing and launching our new website! Check it out at!
***We are still in our beta stages for the new site--if you have any feedback, be sure to let us know at***

Academic Paper

Title: The Acquisition of English Relative Clauses by Iranian EFL Learners: The Impact of Processing Instruction & Meaningful Output-based Instruction
Paper URL:
Author: Hamideh Sadat Bagherzadeh
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Author: Hamed Ghaemi
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: Islamic Azad University, Iran
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics
Subject Language: English
Abstract: Studies on the learning of grammatical points have suggested the effective role of types of instruction. The current study aims at investigating the impact of Processing Instruction (PI), an input-based approach to grammar instruction introduced by Van Patten (1996), and Meaningful Output–based Instruction (MOBI), on the Acquisition of English Relative Clauses. The participants consisted of 60 intermediate Iranian EFL learners in two Treatment groups of (PI) and (MOBI) and one Control group(C). The researchers used a quasi-experimental design with a pretest- treatment-posttest sequence. As for the assessment, a Grammaticality Judgment Test (GJT) was employed, focusing on the sentence level. Experimental groups received the same input and material for the instruction but received meaningful oral and written input or output-based exercises. The relative effects of the two approaches (PI and MOBI) on the linguistic development, i.e. acquisition of relative clauses, of learners were analyzed. Having compared the results of group one and two, PI and MOBI, the researchers found that there is a statistically significant difference between the pretest & posttest of Experimental groups. Processing Instruction had more influence on the correct selection of grammatical sentences in comparison with Meaningful Output-based Instruction. Therefore, we can draw the conclusion that PI can facilitate the acquisition process of English relative clauses. In addition, comparing the results of Control group with that of Experimental groups also confirms the previous findings; besides, the participants of Control group could not outperform those of Experimental groups. However, the experimental groups could do better than the control group.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Venue: Oral Presentation at 1st. National Conference on ELT in Iran: Challenges and Innovations. Islamic Azad University, Torbat-e Heydarieh, Khorasan Razavi, Iran. May 21, 2012. (Oral)
Publication Info: Publication date: 2012/11/1Journal: Journal of Educational & Instructional Studies in the WorldVolume: 2Issue: 4
Add a new paper
Return to Academic Papers main page
Return to Directory of Linguists main page