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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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Query Details


Query Subject:   Phonological Variation; Perception vs Production
Author:   Theodore Stern
Submitter Email:  click here to access email

Linguistic LingField(s):  Phonetics
Phonology

Query:   While there are general phonological theories that address how phonology might work from both perception and production standpoints (LIberman and Mattingly's Motor Theory of Perception; Steriade's P-Map; Boersma's Functional Phonology, inter alia). But these theories are general and due to the complexity of the situation, do not address variatioon.

We also know that as far as input is concerned, variation is the norm: we must extract phonological objects from various voice types, different accents, etc. And our individual phonetic output is also variant - the same individual will produce slightly different phonetic forms on different occasion; assumedly, these are outputs from the same underlying representation.

Thus, we have variation in the input, and variation in the output. But it seems that output variation is to a much lesser degree than input variation.

My query is thus: I am searching for relevant literature regarding the relationship between OUTPUT variability and INPUT variability. There is a large amount of literature that addresses each separately, but I am looking for phonological treatments or discussions which look at BOTH of these two different levels where variation occurs.
LL Issue: 23.4391
Date posted: 20-Oct-2012



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