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Words Onscreen

By Naomi S. Baron

Words Onscreen "explores how technology is reshaping our understanding of what it means to read."


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Communication Accommodation Theory

Edited by Howard Giles

Most people modify their ways of speaking, writing, texting, and e-mailing, and so on, according to the people with whom they are communicating. This fascinating book asks why we 'accommodate' to others in this way, and explores the various social consequences arising from it.


Summary Details


Query:   Icelandic Phonology
Author:  Antony Dubach Green
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Phonology

Summary:   I WOULD LIKE TO THANK EVERYONE WHO RESPONDED TO MY QUESTION ON ICELANDIC
PHONOLOGY, AND POST A SUMMARY OF THE RESPONSES I GOT.

THE FOLLOWING PEOPLE PROVIDED ME WITH ANSWERS TO MY QUESTIONS:
BIRNA ARNBJORNSDOTTIR
ISTVAN BERNATH
HARALDUR BERNHARDSSON
JAKOB DEMPSEY
LANCE ECCLES
THORSTEINN G. INDRIDASON
NICHOLAS JONES
WOLFGANG KEHREIN
MAGNUS PETURSSON VIA JANINA SCHULDT

THE QUESTIONS AND THEIR SUMMARIZED ANSWERS ARE THESE:
>(1) AM I CORRECT IN ASSUMING THAT THE ORTHOGRAPHIC CONTRASTIS
>WORD-INITIALLY ONE OF ASPIRATION RATHER THAN VOICING? I.E. IN 'DAY'
>REPRESENTS A VOICELESS UNASPIRATED STOP; WHILE IN 'TO SPEAK' A
>VOICELESS ASPIRATED STOP.

EVERYONE AGREES THIS IS TRUE.

>(2) AM I CORRECT IN ASSUMING THAT INTERVOCALIC IS ACTUALLY UNASPIRATED?
>E.G. IN A WORD LIKE 'STREET', THE REPRESENTS THE SAME SOUND AS IS
>FOUND AT THE BEGINNING OF , NOT THE SAME AS IS FOUND AT THE BEGINNING OF
>.

THIS IS TRUE FOR THE SOUTHERN DIALECT. IN THE NORTHERN DIALECT, THE OF
IS ASPIRATED.

>(3) ARE THERE ANY WORDS IN ICELANDIC WITH INTERVOCALIC ORTHOGRAPHIC (NOT
>COUNTING MORPHEME-INITIAL D AFTER A PREFIX OR IN A COMPOUND)? A QUICK GLANCE
>THROUGH AN ICELANDIC DICTIONARY REVEALS LOTS OF (EDH) IN THIS POSITION,
>BUT I COULDN'T FIND ANY . IF DOES OCCUR IN THIS POSITION, HOW IS IT
>PRONOUNCED? DOES IT MERGE WITH THE OF ?

SINGLE INTERVOCALIC IN ICELANDIC SEEMS TO BE FOUND ONLY IN LOANWORDS,
E.G. LADA (A RUSSIAN MAKE OF CAR), PY/RAMI/DI 'PYRAMID' [/ INDICATES ACUTE
ACCENT OVER PRECEDING VOWEL], RADAR 'RADAR', RADI/US 'RADIUS', ETC. IT IS
PRONOUNCED AS AN UNASPIRATED VOICELESS STOP, AND THUS MERGES WITH THE OF
IN THE SOUTHERN DIALECT.

>(4) I HAVE FOUND A WORD-INTERNAL ORTHOGRAPHIC CONTRAST IN THE CONTEXT
>L_R: 'NOTABLE' VS. 'TO HANG'. IS THERE STILL A PHONETIC
>DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE D AND THE T? IF SO, WHAT IS IT?

IN THE SOUTHERN DIALECT, THERE IS NO PHONETIC DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE D AND
THE T IN THESE WORDS; HOWEVER THE L IN IS VOICED WHILE THE L IN
IS DEVOICED. I ALSO NEED TO CORRECT A GLOSS: MEANS 'TO
LIMP', NOT 'TO HANG'. THE BOOK I GOT THIS FROM IS WRITTEN IN GERMAN AND
GLOSSES AS 'HINKEN', WHICH MEANS 'TO LIMP'. BUT I WASN'T PAYING
CLOSE ENOUGH ATTENTION, AND THOUGHT IT SAID 'HENKEN', WHICH MEANS 'TO HANG'.
IN THE NORTHERN DIALECT AGAIN, THE IS UNASPIRATED AND THE ASPIRATED.

>(5) ARE THERE ANY OTHER RELEVANT EXAMPLES, E.G. -VDR- VS. -VTR-?

NO, BUT THERE ARE INTERESTING CONTRASTS BETWEEN -VDDR- AND -VTR-:
'SATISFIED' (GEN. PL.) IS PRONOUNCED [SATRA] WITH A SHORT VOWEL, INDICATING
THAT THE INITIAL SYLLABLE IS CLOSED, ALTHOUGH THE CONSONANT IS NOT
PRONOUNCED AS A GEMINATE. MEANWHILE, 'TO TREMBLE' IS PRONOUNCED
[TI:TRA] WITH A LONG VOWEL, INDICATING THAT THE INITIAL SYLLABLE IS OPEN. A
PARALLEL CONTRAST IS FOUND BETWEEN -VGGV- AND -VKV-:

LL Issue: 9.264
Date Posted: 22-Feb-1998
Original Query: Read original query