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Summary Details

Query:   Tamil body part lexemes
Author:  Wiltrud Mihatsch
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   General Linguistics

Summary:   We would like to thank all the Tamil specialists who helped us find some
Tamil body part lexemes (and are still helping!):

Nitya Sethuraman
Baskaran Sankaran
Mr. S Ramesh Kumar
Mr. S Thiyagarajan
Mr. P. Ilangovan
Sankaran Radhakrishnan

Louis Janus sent us a listing of volunteers/ experts edited by the LCTL
project for a number of languages that might interest many other
linguists too:

If you would like to know what our project is about, see

Again, thank you very much!

Reinhild Steinberg & Wiltrud Mihatsch

Here are the lists:

Nitya Sethuraman:

1. forehead -- netti
2. eye -- kaN
3. eyebrow -- kaN puruvam
4. eyelid -- kaN emai
5. eyelash -- kaN rappai
6. eyeball -- kaN muzhi
7. eye pupil -- kaN paappaa (colloquial)
8. head -- talai
9. skull -- kapaalam, also maNDai Odu
10. face -- muunji
11. hair (head, body) -- mayir
12. mouth -- vaai
13. lip -- utadu
14. beard -- taaDi
15. moustache -- miishai
16. chin -- muvaa kaTTai
17. jaw -- mEl taaDai
18. lower jaw -- kiiR taaDai
19. nose -- muukku
20. nostril -- muukku dvaaram
21. ear -- kaadu
22. earlobe --
23. temple --
24. cheek -- kannam
25. cheek-bone -- kanna elumbu

Baskaran Sankaran, Mr. S Ramesh Kumar and Mr. S Thiyagarajan

1. forehead - neRRi
2. eye - kaN
3. eyebrow - puruvam
4. eyelid - kaNNimai, imai
5. eyelash - kaNNimaiyin mayirvarisai (This is a sort of expanding the
word which roughly translates to 'row of hairs in eyelids')
6. eyeball - muzhi
7. eye pupil - kaNmaNi, pAppa
8. head - thalai, maNtai
9. skull - kapAlam, maNtai Otu
10.face - mukam, mUnji (used to express anger)
11(a). hair (head) - muti, mayir, thalai muti, puruvam, thaati, mIsai
11(b). hair (body) - rOmam, urOmam, nenju muti
12. mouth - vaai
13. lip - uthatu, ithazh (used for females)
14. beard - thaati
15. moustache - mIsai
16. chin - mukavAyk kattai
17. jaw - thAtai
18. lower jaw - kIzhth thAtai (kIzh represents lower and the 'th' is
as a suffix to 'kIzh' due to Tamil morphology, because next word
begins with 'th'.)
19. nose - mUkku
20. nostril - mUccu thuvAram
21. ear - kAthu
22. earlobe - kAAthu matal, matal
23. temple - neRRIp pottu, pottu
24. cheek - kannam
25. chek-bone - kanna elumpu


Mr P. Ilangovan:

forehead -- netri <formal>/netthi <inf>
eye -- kan [k^n] - to be pronounced like 'pun/bun'
eyebrow -- puruvum
eyelid -- (kan) rappai - to be pron like 'ruppai'
eyelash -- (kan emai) - to be pron like 'imai'
eyeball -- ?
eye pupil -- (kan) pappa - the vowel is to be pron like the 'a' in
head -- thalai
skull -- kabalam <form>/ mandaiyodu <info>
face -- mugam <for>/muham <info>
hair -- [head] -> thalaimudi; [body] -> romam <for> - to be pron like
mouth -- vai - the first vowel is long (the vowel comination is not a
lip -- udhadu
beard -- dhadi - to be pron like 'thaadi'
moustache -- meesai
chin -- mugavai <for>/muhavai <formal variant>; mogara(i) <inform>
jaw -- mugavaikattai/muhavaikattai; mogarakattai <infor> [an abusive
lower jaw -- ?
nose -- mooku
nostril -- nasi <form> - to be pron like this 'naasi'
ear -- kadhu
earlobe -- kadhumadal
temple -- nettripottu <form>; netthipottu <infor>
cheek -- kannam
cheek-bone -- ?


Sankaran Radhakrishnan
1. forehead nerri (neRRi)
2. eye kan (kaN)
3. eyebrow puruvam (puruvam)
4. eyelid imai (imai)
5. eyelash kan imai mayir (kaN imai mayir)
6. eyeball vili (vizhi)
7. eye pupil mani (maNi)/pappa (paappaa)
8. head thalai (talai)
9. skull mantai otu (maNTai ooDu)/ kapalam (kabaalam)
10. face muham (mukam)
11. hair (head) muti (muTi)
hair (body) mayir (mayir)
12. mouth vay (vaay)
13. lip uthadu (utaDu)
14. beard thadi (taaDi)
15. moustache misai (miisai)
16. chin mukavay kattai (mukavaay kaTTai)
17. jaw thadai (taaDai)
18. lower jaw kil thadai (kiizh taaDai)
19. nose mukku (muukku)
20. nostril nasi thuvaram (naacic- tuvaaram)/mukku thuvaram
21. ear katu (kaadu)
22. earlobe nuni kathu (nunik-kaadu)
23. temple pori (poRi)/pottu (poTTu)
24. cheek kannam (kaNNam)
25. cheek-bone kanna elumbu (kaNNa elumpu)

LL Issue: 13.411
Date Posted: 14-Feb-2002
Original Query: Read original query


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