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Summary Details


Query:   sum: amendment to the summary of -heit/keit in German
Author:  Stefan Ploch
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Morphology

Summary:   RE: LINGUIST 13.702

RECENTLY, WHEN I POSTED A SUMMARY OF THE RESPONSES I RECEIVED IN ANSWER
TO MY QUERY RE. THE DISTRIBUTION OF -HEIT/KEIT IN GERMAN, I FORGOT TO
INCLUDE ONE ANSWER, I.E., THE ANSWER I RECEIVED FROM CHARLEY ROWE. MY
APOLOGIES.

THIS IS THE MISSING ANSWER:

CHARLEY ROWE:

IT IS MORPHOLOGICALLY DETERMINED AND MORPHOPHONOLOGICAL IN ORIGIN.

THE CURRENT STATE OF AFFAIRS:

-KEIT ATTACHES IN ALL CASES TO -SAM, -BAR, AND -IG, FOR EXAMPLE, AND
PRESUMABLY TO ALL OTHER SUFFIXES AS WELL. (PROBABLY YOU CAN EASILY FIND
A LIST OF SUFFIXES TO CHECK THIS OUT).

-HEIT WOULD BE THE DEFAULT, ATTACHING ONTO BARE ADJECTIVES,
PARTICIPIALS, AND A FEW NOUNS.


-HEIT IS OLDER. IT OCCURS IN OHG, AND THE APPEARANCE OF -KEIT IS NOT
UNTIL MHG.. GRIMM SAYS -KEIT DERIVES FROM -HEIT VIA A REANALYSIS FROM
-IC [PRESENT-DAY ADJ. SUFFIX -IG] + HEIT. SO, E.G., EINIG + HEIT >
EINICHEIT > EINIGKEIT. IT THEN SPREAD TO ALL OTHER SUFFIXES (PRESUMABLY
VIA ANALOGY) AS WELL, HENCE -IGKEIT, -SAMKEIT, -BARKEIT.

BY THE WAY, -HEIT DERIVES FROM IE *K㩠WITH THE MEANING
'BRIGHT/ILLUMINATED'. IN GERMANIC IT COULD STAND ALONE AS A NOUN WITH
THE MEANING 'RANK, BEING, TYPE, CLASS, FAMILY' ETC.

I DO HAVE REFERENCES FOR YOU:

KLAUS-PETER WEGERA: WORTBILDUNG DES FR?OCHDEUTSCHEN, IN: WERNER
BESCH, OSKAR REICHMANN, STEFAN SONDEREGGER (HRSGG.): SPRACHGESCHICHTE.
EIN HANDBUCH ZUR GESCHICHTE DER DEUTSCHEN SPRACHE UND IHRER ERFORSCHUNG,
BERLIN 1984/85, 2. BD., S. 134-8-1355. S. 1349.

MARKUS, STEFANIE. MA THESIS, UNI. BOCHUM:

LL Issue: 13.746
Date Posted: 21-Mar-2002
Original Query: Read original query